Recently during a preoperative appointment with a patient I was asked what I thought the benefit of laparoscopic surgery was. I responded by explaining that laparoscopic surgery, compared to conventional open surgery, this talk to causeless tissue damage and is therefore thought to be easier to recover from.
In large research studies performed comparing laparoscopic to open surgery results are nearly identical with regards to rates of infection, time required for recovery, and postoperative pain. Over the years, there’s been a clear benefit demonstrated in performing common surgeries laparoscopically as compared to open. Open surgery involves large incisions and significantly more manipulation of internal organs. This often results in more painful incisions, longer periods of healing, and greater chance of infection. In addition, there’s often a greater chance of having slow return of peristalsis of the intestines. In comparison. The surgery which is performed with camera guidance and small incisions for operating results in much smaller incisions, much less chance for infections, and often best to return of normal intestinal peristalsis.
There are well-known drawbacks to laparoscopic surgery as well. Laparoscopic surgery requires complete general anesthesia and are often longer procedures. For these reasons often laparoscopic surgery requires more advanced medical evaluation preoperative.