Distal Radial fracture
The radius is a long bone in the forearm that articulates with the thumb side of the wrist carpal bones. A fracture of this bone where it meets the wrist can be devastating because it interferes with wrist motion and causes severe pain. Fractures can be intra or extra articular. This means that they involve the cartilage surface in the case of intra-articular fractures and did not in the case of extracurricular fractures. Intra-articular fractures have a worse prognosis.
There are many types and classifications for disabilities fractures. Each type requires specific management sometimes with the cast to immobilize it as it heals and other times it requires surgery.
Along with distal radius fractures there are well described associations with other injuries including other bones, ligaments and tendons. When assessing a distal radius fracture your surgeon must take time to observe these patterns in order not to miss and associated injury.
It is important to classify the type of fracture, because some fractures are more difficult to treat than others. Intra-articular fractures, open fractures, comminuted fractures, and displaced fractures (when the broken pieces of bone do not line up straight).are more difficult to treat, for example.
Sometimes, the other bone of the forearm (the ulna) is also broken. This is called a distal ulna fracture.